Wednesday, March 12, 2014

Financial Times
March 11, 2014 11:41 am

Climate focus drives demand for ‘green’ bonds

With billions of dollars of investment required to cope with climate change, the market for “green” bonds that finance environmentally friendly projects has taken off – and is forecast to grow rapidly.
Green bond issuance is estimated to have increased more than fivefold last year, with Dealogic recording 29 deals worth a total of $11.2bn. Already this year 11 bonds have been issued, worth a total of $3.78bn, so the surge is continuing.
Jim Yong Kim, president of the World Bank, speaking at the World Economic Forum in Davos, called for a doubling of the global market for green bonds to $20bn by September, when the UN convenes a high-profile climate summit. He added that it should reach at least $50bn in time for the UN climate negotiations in Paris by the end of next year.
The market has just been given a further boost with the recent publication of voluntary guidelines for such bonds by a consortium of leading banks including Bank of America Merrill Lynch, Citi, Crédit Agricole Corporate and Investment Bank and JPMorgan Chase.
The green bond principles recognise several broad categories of potential eligible green projects, including renewable energy, energy efficiency (including efficient buildings), sustainable waste management and land use (including forestry and agriculture), biodiversity conservation and clean transportation and water.
Marilyn Ceci, a managing director at JPMorgan Chase, says increasing the amount of capital targeted to address pressing environmental challenges such as climate change is critical.

“By providing transparency and integrity to the green bond market and bolstering investor confidence, we expect the green bond principles will expand capital allocation to projects that provide environmental benefits,” she says.
Mr Kim called the principles a key step towards attracting more financing for renewable energy and clean technology, especially for emerging markets where the green growth financing gap is significant.
“We need to seize the opportunity, one that many financial leaders have been calling for,” Mr Kim said at Davos. “Let’s use appetite for green bonds to expand the universe of investors who are investing in green assets.”
Rachel Kyte, World Bank vice-president and special envoy for climate change, says green bonds create a crucial new flow of finance for low-carbon development. “But they do more. They have the potential to move the finance fulcrum in a cleaner direction, away from traditional fossil fuel investments and into the projects that will build our low-carbon future,” she says.
In Tunisia, green bonds issued by the World Bank help improve efficiency in irrigation and reliable water supply in rural areas where groundwater sources are stressed. In China, they help reduce communities’ vulnerability to natural disasters through flood control management and warning systems. In Colombia and Mexico they support energy efficient mass transit systems, and elsewhere renewable energy projects.
Most green bonds to date have been issued by supranational organisations such as the World Bank and the European Investment Bank. But recent corporate issuers include SSE, the utility group, which was raising funds for an offshore wind farm, and Bank of America.
In November EDF, the French power group, launched the first euro-denominated green bond issued by a large corporate. The $1.9bn bond had a maturity of 7.5 years and an annual coupon of 2.25 per cent. EDF says the issue was twice subscribed and was a great success among institutional investors and also achieved the group’s aim of attracting new investors.
“This strong demand specifically came from investors integrating environmental, social and governance criteria in their investment decisions and which accounted for 60 per cent of the issuance allocation,” says EDF.
Navindu Katugampola, vice-president at Morgan Stanley, says his bank was one of the leading underwriters of green bonds last year, with seven deals worth $4.75bn.
“We believe that the green bond principles will help act as a catalyst to develop this rapidly growing market, by providing a clear set of voluntary guidelines for issuers, investors and underwriters,” he says.
Zurich Insurance Group recently said it aims to become the largest global green bonds investor, with an initial target of $1bn.
“Green bonds are a good fit with Zurich’s overall investment strategy as well as its impact investing aspirations, targeted to support sustainable development and resilient communities,” says Cecilia Reyes, chief investment officer with the insurer. “It is an opportunity to invest both with impact and at a return fully compensating for the risk.”


Copyright The Financial Times Limited 2014. 

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